Towards the Creation of Cognitive Devices and the Role of Photonics
The disruptive nature of modern information processing is of such scale that it impacted upon virtually all aspects of our modern life. The facilitating development behind this success was the electronic von-Neumann hardware, a universal computational device. Nowadays, we are possibly on the brink of a comparable development: the creation of "cognitive devices". Cognitive computation is motivated by the functionality of the human brain. In the human brain, billions of spiking neurons connected to possibly 100s of neighbor neurons create an enormous complex dynamical system. Cognitive computing therefore differs fundamentally from the von Neuman concept, making its implementation using von Neumann architectures inefficient. In my talk, I will focus on essential aspects for the creation of cognitive devices. Of primary importance is the treatment as a driven complex and nonlinear dynamical system. Multiple boundary conditions for possible cognitive hardware already result from such fundamental considerations. Addressing one of the most pressing issues, I will introduce holographic coupling. Based on this technique, I will demonstrate the creation of a large scale and highly connected network of nonlinear nodes.